Q: I have a lot of high interest credit card debt. Should I take out a 401k loan?
This is a question we come across not uncommonly. There is a lot to like about doing this, but a big potential tax trap as well.
I want to distinguish clearly between 401K loans and 401K withdrawals. In this piece I’m discussion the loans; you can read about withdrawals here.
First of all, your 401k plan has to have loan provisions in place. No loan provisions, no loan. An employer can always go to his third-party administrator to have the plan documents amended if he would like to make loans available to the employees.
The loaned amount can be 50% of the vested account balance up to $50,000. A special rule allows participants with smaller balances to borrow up to $10,000 without the percentage restriction.
From what we’ve seen, plan...
Last year (2019) I watched the entire Upstairs Downstairs series on Britbox. Easily sixty episodes in all. My viewing interests are usually limited to either WWII or British crime stories, so this was a bit of a departure for me, and one I thoroughly enjoyed. As the name suggests, it is sort of a Downtown Abbey Lite. The time spanned goes from before WWI to the New York Stock exchange crash. It is the story of all the residents of 165 Eaton Place in London – the home of a member of Parliament who married a titled lady (the upstairs folks) and their household staff (the downstairs folks).
Richard Bellamy, MP, had two children – a married daughter in New York, and a son at home – James Bellamy. James was up at Cambridge, though no mention of a degree. He worked at a job he hated because it was, well, work, and then joined his regiment as an officer during the Great War. This is a fellow whose newspapers and shoelaces were ironed for...
When I originally wrote this, the Carolinas were experiencing the worst of Hurricane Florence. As a native Floridian I've ridden out half a dozen hurricanes myself . The aftermath of a hurricane is not only about the damage to life and property, but for many it can take a serious personal financial toll. As you stock up on canned food, batteries, and bottled water, don’t neglect to address these top 6 financial priorities before a storm makes landfall.
Odds are your home is your most valuable asset. Why roll the dice on this? Not having homeowners insurance coverage is a mistake. Having a homeowners policy with little hurricane windstorm coverage could become a catastrophe. Typically, your policy will have a windstorm deductible for hurricane damage claims in addition to your All Other Perils deductible for everything else. The deductible for hurricane damage can...
A few months ago I heard Susan Bradley from the Sudden Money® Institute say something quite profound regarding our relationship with money and financial windfalls:
When life changes, money changes.
When money changes, life changes.
The order in which change happens makes a big difference. The latter statement, referring specifically to financial windfalls, turns out to be much harder to handle for most people than the former statement. Let me explain.
Life changes are a constant: marriage, babies, a new home, family milestones, divorce, promotions, demotions, getting fired, moving to a new city, kids going to college, changes in health status (ourselves or in a loved one), growing old, and death. As with any change, anticipated or otherwise, we regroup; we make budget adjustments; and move forward. Whatever the life change, you hopefully take wise counsel and update your financial plan accordingly.
Usually when we think of estate planning we have in mind the orderly transition of assets at death. Death is something that you have a 100% chance of experiencing – we just don’t know when. Tomorrow isn’t promised to us – and neither is this afternoon, for that matter. Consequently it is prudent to plan for this eventuality.
A valid will
A basic will is the foundational document of estate planning. You need that once you own real property or begin to accumulate assets. Typically, at the earlier stages of life, most of what you have is going to pass by operation of a beneficiary arrangement – by contract, in other words. Think life insurance or IRA and 401(K) beneficiaries. What won’t pass by operation of contract? everything else that you own. This would be real property, or your car, for example – assets that cannot have a beneficiary attached to them.
Guardianship for your...
Should I Pay my Mortgage Off Early? This is actually a FAQ – a frequently asked question, so I thought I’d spend a little time on it here. Some other mortgage-related topics we’ve addressed are these:
Let’s use a sample mortgage. $400,000 borrowed, at 4.5%, over 30 years. The monthly payment is $2026.74. That means over the life of the mortgage you will have paid $729,626.85 in principal and interest payments to repay that $400,000 loan – and, of course, $329,626.85 of that amount is interest.
You pay interest each month on the unpaid balance. In early years your payment is mostly interest, with very little principal repayment. In later years, situation reverses: you pay mostly principal, with much of...
529 College Savings accounts just got better!
A 529 college savings account is one in which money is invested for a beneficiary’s future college expenses. The account grows without taxation, and funds are eventually distributed with no federal taxation for the beneficiary’s qualified education expenses. The growth never gets taxed!* This is a huge benefit.
The states each sponsor a 529 plan. Florida’s is the Florida Pre-Paid. A parent goes online during open enrollment in the autumn and chooses an option: tuition only, or tuition and housing. Once enrolled, the parent pays a monthly fee. The benefit is that the child goes off to college with all tuition paid for! Fees and expenses are not covered, and those can be considerable. The prepaid plan is best suited for a conservative investor.
Most states 529 plans are of the mutual fund...
The Secure Act of 2019 changed the rules for non-spouse beneficiaries of inherited IRAs. The rules now are simply that the beneficiary of such an IRA has 10 years to distribute it in its entirety. No required minimum distributions are necessary during this time.
This is a big change from previous rules. Prior to the Secure Act, the non-spouse beneficiary could "stretch" the IRA out of his own life expectancy. Say granddad left an IRA to the grandson. The grandson's life expectancy (from an IRS table) was 70 years. The year after death the grandson would take the beginning of year balance and divide it by 70. The following year he'd take the beginning of year balance and divide it by (70-1). And so on. The result was that the IRA could grow enormously during this time.
You can simply sell the assets and...
Your emergency fund is foundational to any financial planning. Here I discuss what it is (and what it is not), why you need to have one, and how much should be in it.
An economics professor once said that if you fall asleep in class and he calls on you to just reply, "at the margin," and you’ll likely have the right answer. The entire study of economics is about what happens at the margin: the next unit of production, the next unit of income, the next dollar of debt payment. Think about it: bankruptcies happen when there’s just one dollar more due that you simply cannot pay. So in talking about an emergency fund, we’re talking about what happens at the margin of your financial life. You’re keeping cash set aside to make sure that you’ll never get to that point where you don’t have the next marginal dollar.
Emergencies happen in life: this is...
We broker life insurance, disability income insurance, and long-term care insurance. In obtaining Insurance coverage for our clients, We shop the market for the most suitable product at the best price.
No – that requires another license which we do not hold. As part of a complete financial planning engagement, we will evaluate the client’s risk exposure in these areas, and recommend coverage changes as appropriate. We are glad to refer you to insurance agents who can assist you with these policies. BTW we neither pay nor accept referral fees from other professionals, nor do we accept any liability for their actions.
A crucial part. A life insurance death benefit can complete the overall plan in the event of an untimely death.
The strategy is to purchase a...