*That is, don’t do it without reading this first.
If you have employer stock in your company retirement plan, there are some special tax benefits that you’ll lose if you put that stock into an IRA.
Generally, when you leave your employer you’ll roll your retirement account out to an IRA. Once you’ve passed age 59½ you can take distributions from the IRA with no tax penalty, but all distributions are taxable at ordinary income rates. In current brackets these will typically be from 22% to 37%.
But there’s a special provision for employer stock. You can distribute the stock from your retirement plan in kind, moving it to a non-tax qualified account. Your taxable event will be only the stock’s basis. Then when you sell the stock you’ll be taxed only on the gain over the basis, and at the more favorable long-term capital gains...
A common question I’m asked in a financial planning engagement is this: Glenn, should I plan on receiving Social Security? Will it even be there for me? I’ll say yes – plan on it. Social Security is the third rail of politics, and it is my belief that it will always be there in some form or another. For those of you who’ve never lived in a city with a subway, the third rail is an electrified rail that runs along the tracks. There is a foot from the rail car that rides along the third rail, thus powering the car with electricity. Pretty much instant electrocution if you touch it.
Throughout its history Congress has bought itself votes by increasing the benefit, but they haven’t always raised revenue, i.e. taxes, in a...
I thought I’d put together a short list of the most important ages in financial planning. The ages on the list changed a bit in 2020, so a review is in order. Look up your age and see what’s happening for you!
An account registered as a Uniform Transfers to Minors Act is one in which a trust is created by the donor for the benefit of the minor child. The donor retains his status as trustee until the child reaches the age of majority – 21 in Florida. Be careful if you’re using an UTMA for college funding: at age 21 the minor comes of age and can use the money in the account for anything he wants, including blowing it on a Ferrari. There’s nothing the donor can do at that point – he’s lost all control.
A Coverdell is the original education...
Some of the biggest fortunes made in the United States have been made in real estate. Think about it: you use someone else’s money (via a mortgage) to make a purchase. It is a passive investment in that you collect the rents, pay the bills, and keep what’s left over. Not only that, but while you’re collecting those rents, the property is appreciating in value, and you’re paying the mortgage down. So by the end of the year you have profited in three ways!
Previously, in Part I, I used an example of a rental condo apartment. Here in Part II I'll evaluate the purchase of a single-family home.
I’ll use a different data set than in Part I. Now you’re purchasing a single family residence for $350,000, again with 20% down. You can rent the house for $2800/month. The annual income is $33,600.
I get a lot of questions on this topic, particularly for people thinking of real estate investing as sort of a retirement pastime. So I thought I’d go into a little bit. Here in Part I I’ll address cash flow issues, and how to determine if a particular property will work for you as an investment. In Part II I’ll build on that, and show you how I as a professional financial planner would evaluate an income property held as an investment by a client.
It’s all about the cash flow – rents received less expenses incurred must be positive! But there are expenses you might not have considered.
First, project out your income. That is the potential market rent times 12 months less a vacancy factor – typically 5% to 10%. Your rental units will most likely not be rented for a solid 12 months each year. When one tenant moves out, there is preparation to...
457 plans are a type of retirement account offered largely to certain governmental employees. We see them available typically to police officers and fire fighters as an avenue for supplemental retirement savings. The 457 is a place to accumulate retirement savings over and above your pension. As such, the 457 is a type of non-qualified deferred compensation, rather than a qualified plan that comes under ERISA (Employee Retirement Income Security Act) legislation. Please see my previous post about 457 plans here.
There were a lot of terms there, but they’re important, so let me break it down a bit. ERISA legislation determines whether an employer’s retirement plan is qualified or not. Qualified, meaning that the employee can defer income to the retirement account on a pre-tax basis. The most popular of these is the 401(K) plan. Others are profit sharing plans and money...
This is a really personal list. It is complied from years of observing the human condition and reading good novels. It is intended to be humorous, yet I’m fully aware that it might hit some raw nerves. So for the intrepid souls out there, read on . . .
Counting down to number one, we have:
Now I enjoy a brew as much as the next guy, but why spend a lot of money on something you’re going to literally piss away? Why not get a whisky instead? You’ll get the same buzz and not have to keep running to the gents.
Go once if you don’t believe me, but you’re going to drop $100 on a movie and a meal for two. How much nicer to dine at a proper restaurant and then go see a show afterwards for the same money.
One of my daughters used to work at True Religion in Dadeland Mall. Spending $300 for denim that is faded and...
This blog post builds upon a previous one: No, Darling, because we can’t afford that. I’m sharing some thoughts about teaching children to be financially responsible.
My second trip? What was the first? My first trip to Europe I was 13, and my grandparents took me on vacation with them. My maternal grandmother had come over from Italy at about age 5, and was raised in Connecticut, where I was born. Her husband, my maternal grandfather, one of 16 children, was born in Connecticut, but some of the siblings were, I believe, born in Italy. Grandpa was a successful business owner in New Haven, and they went to Europe on vacation most years. In turn, they took each of their four grandchildren with them once – a gift I’d like to return some day.
The second trip is the one I want to write about. My Uncle Joe, my Dad’s...
As a financial planner, I work with a lot of couples planning for retirement. Retirement brings on a sea-change in thinking. Up until then most people have been in an accumulative stage of money management – saving up against the day they stop working. Come retirement, what is saved is spent down over many years. The fundamental question: Will I outlive my money?
With software, we can answer the question, and with some specificity. To model the answer, though, requires good data inputs. Those inputs include spending requirements, inflation and earnings assumptions, future medical expenses, and a host of other things, both quantitative and qualitative. But we always begin at the beginning, which is the spending plan, aka the budget.
We recently worked with a couple on retirement planning. We found them to be in enviable financial shape. But one spouse...
A friend recently suggested that I write a piece about children and money. At first I thought myself unqualified, as I have no formal education in this area. But then I got to thinking that, as a father and now grandfather, and since I’ve been graduated from life’s School of Hard Knocks, that I might have something useful to contribute. Hence this effort. This is actually Part I of a two-part series. Part II is all about my Second Trip to Europe.
I love children. Always have. I don’t like unrestrained screaming, but I do enjoy hearing children happily play. My wife and I have two married daughters and two grandchildren, all of whom we love dearly. But children, as they are delivered to us, are loud, messy, demanding, have appalling table manners, and think the world revolves around them. Furthermore, they don't come with manuals. Yet it is our job as...